SPIEGEL: Mr. Moscovici, can you please explain to us the difference between a Socialist and a Social Democrat?
Moscovici: To be a Social Democrat means for one to accept entirely reformist goals. And it means to count on social dialogue and on compromises to achieve them. But in their search for equality and justice, the Social Democrats still belong to the Socialist movement.
SPIEGEL: In his speech on reforms, François Hollande described himself as a Social Democrat for the first time. It was seen as a sort of coming out. Why do you think that caused such a sensation?
Moscovici: Every country wants to protect its own model, its identity. If an SPD government minister in Germany were to suddenly describe him or herself as a Socialist, it would be tantamount to that person trying to reverse the historical (SPD) party program from Bad Godesberg (in 1959, when the party disavowed itself from its previous Marxist ideology). What we have in France is a Socialist tradition. And if we now commit ourselves to Social Democracy, then we are recognizing the importance of reforms and social dialogue. It's an evolution in words, which also shows a political and ideological direction.